Articles on this Page
- 02/07/18--14:00: _Genocide: What is t...
- 02/07/18--14:00: _Shot of the day
- 02/07/18--14:00: _Stands demolished f...
- 02/07/18--14:00: _Human trafficking u...
- 02/07/18--14:00: _Sex trafficking ove...
- 02/07/18--14:00: _Army buys luxury lodge
- 02/07/18--14:00: _Unam explains regis...
- 02/07/18--14:00: _Geingob opens legal...
- 02/07/18--14:00: _MMI launches short-...
- 02/07/18--14:00: _Toner scammers stri...
- 02/07/18--14:00: _Festering cesspool
- 02/07/18--14:00: _Reshuffle talk reac...
- 02/08/18--14:00: _Family-friendly fun
- 02/08/18--14:00: _Namibia shows chara...
- 02/08/18--14:00: _'Hitman' jets off t...
- 02/08/18--14:00: _Gupta jet lands in ...
- 02/08/18--14:00: _Unam a yelitha omul...
- 02/08/18--14:00: _Iilonga yetungululo...
- 02/08/18--14:00: _Opoloyeka yokukuna ...
- 02/08/18--14:00: _Uuministeli wEgamen...
- 02/07/18--14:00: Genocide: What is the plan?
- 02/07/18--14:00: Shot of the day
- 02/07/18--14:00: Stands demolished for non-payment
- 02/07/18--14:00: Human trafficking under the microscope
- 02/07/18--14:00: Sex trafficking overshadows forced labour
- 02/07/18--14:00: Army buys luxury lodge
- 02/07/18--14:00: Unam explains registration process
- 02/07/18--14:00: Geingob opens legal year
- 02/07/18--14:00: MMI launches short-term offering
- 02/07/18--14:00: Toner scammers strike again
- 02/07/18--14:00: Festering cesspool
- 02/07/18--14:00: Reshuffle talk reaches fever pitch as cabinet meets
- 02/08/18--14:00: Family-friendly fun
- 02/08/18--14:00: Namibia shows character
- 02/08/18--14:00: 'Hitman' jets off to US
- 02/08/18--14:00: Gupta jet lands in Russia
- 02/08/18--14:00: Unam a yelitha omulandu gwe gwokwiishangitha
- 02/08/18--14:00: Iilonga yetungululo lyoombonge dhopolisi mOshikoto ya tameke
- 02/08/18--14:00: Opoloyeka yokukuna oshihape shoasparagus mEtunda
- 02/08/18--14:00: Uuministeli wEgameno wa landa ofaalama
However, the quest for recognition and/or reparations is currently splitting the country. We have, on the one side, the government's official, more diplomatic route, while on the other side, we have the affected communities aggressively pursuing damages in a New York federal court, with a top-notch lawyer experienced in these matters.
On home ground, things are heating up too. There appears to be a definite move towards factions within the affected communities and there are rumblings that some say the Ovaherero people suffered more than the Nama.
There are fears of exclusion and greater fears of cliques forming.
But it does not end there.
What is the plan if a lump sum were to be achieved in New York, official discussions aside? Where will the money go? How will the descendants be identified? How many have other surnames and no real lineage documents to prove where they come from? What about those who went further north into places like the Democratic Republic of the Congo or Tanzania?
What will the outcome be then?
We have no clarity on how much the affected communities are seeking in New York and no plan for distribution has ever been made public. At this point, it is all a little chaotic. But order is critical.
If this goes haywire, we will see spillover effects which can send far-reaching ripples all over. Diplomatically, relations between Germany and Namibia may become strained, and far worse, we run the risk of creating tensions within our own people and country.
We do not see groups who may, for example, receive less monies, taking it well. How does one measure the loss of life - certainly it cannot be in total numbers.
We have climbed aboard a train with no idea where the tracks lead, or if we have enough diesel to get there.
The traders are required to pay the council N$30 per month to operate from the open market.
Nine of the traders however defaulted on their payments for the whole of last year despite notifications from the council.
Nkurenkuru Town Council CEO Petrus Sindimba, told Nampa the traders were informed of the consequences should they continue defaulting.
Sindimba said people should not use Namibia's independence as an excuse for not paying for services. He said policies should be followed if they want to operate in the town of Nkurenkuru.
“I don't know what is happening to our people. They keep on saying Namibia is an independent country and they will not adhere to the rules and policies that are in place,” he said.
Sindimba said a meeting was held with the traders that had their stands demolished.
“We have reached an agreement for them to go back and they have also agreed to start paying their monthly fee, but a meeting will still be scheduled with all of the people doing business there to clarify some pending issues,” he said.
A total of 140 people conduct business at the open market.
The workshop, which is jointly organised by the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNDOC) and the International Organisation of Migration (IOM), is being attended by 35 participants from the police, immigration, customs and excise, justice, as well as the labour and social work sectors. Speaking at the official opening of the workshop, IOM Namibia's officer in charge, Sascha Nlabu, said that it is important for capacity building to take place so that human trafficking can be eliminated in Namibia.
“This initiative will lead to an increased identification rate of potential victims of trafficking and therefore also lead to the increased protection of victims, as well as in the long run, an increased number of prosecuted cases. This is crucial in order to bring justice and to send out a strong message against human trafficking,” said Nlabu. He urged the trainees to intensify their efforts so that human trafficking victims can be identified and helped, and so that offenders can face the full wrath of the law.
Speaking at the same event, the representative from the prosecutor-general's office, Innocentia Nyoni, said there has only been one human trafficking conviction in Namibia, while adding that the training workshop will help to secure more convictions.
IOM's 2017 Global Trafficking Trends in Focus report revealed the organisation had directly assisted about 40 000 trafficking victims between 2006 and 2016.
In 2016, 43% of those assisted were women and 57% men.
The statistics further indicated that 81% of the victims suffered labour exploitation, while 11% were sexually exploited. The training workshop concludes tomorrow.
“People seem to clearly know what sex trafficking is, but have no concept of what labour trafficking is and what it can look like,” a senior attorney at the Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking (CAST) in Los Angeles told reporters recently.
Service providers working with trafficking victims say the laser focus on sex trafficking is undermining the fight against labour trafficking and exploitation, which requires addressing worker rights, immigration laws and other contributing factors.
Research has shown that in Namibia, forced labour, including involving children, is prevalent.
What does it look like?
Special agent Kate Langston from the US Department of State’s Diplomatic Security Service in the Houston, Texas warned that the myths about what trafficking looks like, perpetuated by the media featuring bruised females in chains, is a barrier to identifying and rescuing victims.
“We can do all the education and awareness but I think there is still a misunderstanding of what trafficking actually is. If you look at all the posters out there, you see shackles and the women are beaten up. And yes, some are. But you have to remember that modern slavery is about a reusable commodity. So you don’t see a victim bound up, or else how are they going to look after your kids if they are in shackles?”
She explained that to some degree, traffickers ensure that their victims are given a semblance of care, so that they are able to execute their duties and are not easily identified.
The ways traffickers exploit modern-day salves is through a powerful cocktail of psychological abuse, threats, manipulation and intimidation, in addition to physical abuse on some occasions.
It is estimated that globally, at least 25 million people, including children, are trafficked annually.
Out of this number, an estimated 16 million people were subjected to forced labour in the private economy in 2016, and an estimated 51% were in debt bondage, where personal debt was used to forcibly obtain labour.
An estimated 4.1 million people were subject to state-imposed forced labour, on average, in 2016.
Comparably an estimated 3.8 million adults and 1 million children were victims of forced sexual exploitation in 2016.
According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) forced labour generates at least US$50 billion annually in illegal profits.
The ILO report, Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour, said two-thirds of the estimated total of US$150 billion, or US$99 billion, came from commercial sexual exploitation, while another US$51 billion resulted from forced economic exploitation.
The ILO estimates that around US$34 billion is generated through forced labour in the construction, manufacturing, mining and utilities industries, and a further US$9 billion in agriculture, which includes forestry and fishing.
It is estimated that private households save an estimated US$8 billion annually through forced domestic work, by not paying at all or underpaying domestic workers held in forced servitude.
It is everywhere
Globally, trafficking survivors have been identified doing forced work in construction, restaurants, agriculture, seafood, commercial sex, strip clubs, housekeeping and business, door-to-door sales, carnivals, massage parlours, manufacturing and many other industries and sectors.
Advocates and service providers say they have worked with trafficking victims in nursing homes, on the streets where they are forced to sell illegal contraband or legal commodities, in sport and many other areas that the public are not aware human trafficking exists in.
In December 2016, the United States Diplomatic Security Service arrested a Texan whose company had brought workers into the country using legal work visas, but he had then forced them to work on farms in inhumane conditions for several years, before his arrest.
Victims told law-enforcement they had been threatened with deportation and non-payment to keep quiet. It is estimated the trafficker owed the workers more than US$3 million in back wages at the time of his arrest.
In another case, three people were found guilty of illegally recruiting, defrauding and exploiting 76 temporary workers on a farm, through debt bondage, threats and physical violence.
A recent high-profile case in Texas involved a Nigerian woman who was lured to the United States to work as a nanny.
She was forced to work almost around-the-clock, seven days a week, caring for the children and doing housework. She was forced to sleep on the floor and was only permitted to eat leftovers from the family’s meals.
Cases involving diplomats exploiting domestic workers, who join their employers in new countries, are increasing around the world, experts say.
A global problem
In September 2017, the Freedom Network USA - a coalition of 51 NGOs that provide services to and advocate for the rights of trafficking survivors in the United States - responded to the latest Trafficking in Persons (TIP) in the United States report with a serious concern.
“There continues to be no systematic effort to identify and address labour trafficking, and government agencies continue to lack the knowledge and capacity to engage in effective outreach, education and investigation of the most egregious forms of labour exploitation,” the organisation said.
Freedom Network USA further noted that the TIP report had highlighted “the continued failure of both congress and the federal government to give labour trafficking adequate attention.”
Advocates further worry that only a fraction of trafficking cases in the United States’ federal criminal justice system are forced labour cases, compared to the majority that are sex trafficking cases.
This despite the fact that legal service providers who work with trafficking cases consistently say the majority of their cases involve labour trafficking.
But advocates agree the problem is not unique to the United States.
National and international steps
Last year, Namibia deposited the instrument of ratification of the Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 with the director-general of the ILO, thereby becoming the 21st country to ratify the instrument.
The protocol, adopted by an overwhelming majority by the International Labour Conference in 2014, reinforces the international legal framework for combating all forms of forced labour, including debt bondage, forced domestic labour and trafficking in persons.
It calls on ratifying states to take measures to prevent forced labour, protect victims and ensure their access to remedies and compensation.
The ILO has stated that ending modern-day slavery will require a multi-faceted response, but an important step is to implement and enforce stronger social protections to “offset the vulnerabilities that push people into modern slavery”.
This includes stronger labour rights in the informal economy, where modern slavery flourishes.
The ILO further emphasised that governments need to focus on gathering data on all forms of human trafficking, to help shape policies and other responses to combat human trafficking.
The 2017 TIP report classified Namibia as a source and destination country for children, and to lesser extent women, who are subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking.
Some victims of forced labour in Namibia are lured through offers of legitimate work for adequate wages, but are then subjected to forced labour in urban areas and on commercial farms.
Critics have noted that Namibia lacks sufficient data and reliable information on the circumstances around trafficking and government’s response to the issue has been mixed, at times.
Namibia’s deep-rooted social problems, including poverty, unemployment, housing, gender inequalities, discrimination of minorities and other issues, is fertile ground for human exploitation, experts say.
*Namibian Sun journalist Jana-Mari Smith is in the United States on invitation by the US Department of State’s Foreign Press Centre. She has joined 19 other journalists from around the world to take part in an international reporting tour to create awareness and gain insight into combating human trafficking through prevention, protection and prosecution.
Oropoko Lodge situated near Okahandja was bought about four months ago from Kurt Steinhausen, who is a close friend of former President Sam Nujoma.
Steinhausen was one of Namibia's first foreign private investors, who developed the luxury lodge shortly after independence.
The spokesperson at the defence ministry, Major Petrus Shilumbu, yesterday confirmed that the selling price of the farm had been negotiated down from N$69 million to N$45 million. The lodge, located about 130km from Windhoek, was constructed in 1993 on 11 000 hectares of land.
Shilumbu said the transfer of the property was completed on 25 September last year, adding that it would house an army unit that did not have a base at the moment.
But according to Major-General Ben Kadhila, the chief of staff for joint operations, more than one unit will be housed there.
“Multiple specialists will be trained at the base,” he said. Kadhila said for security reasons he could not divulge how many units or soldiers would be based at Oropoko.
Namibia has seven military bases, each housing between 700 and 1 000 soldiers. Kadhila further confirmed that the “multiple specialists” would be trained for anti-poaching interventions.
“This will, however, only be one area of training for the troops,” he said.
He said soldiers would be billeted in the former lodge's rooms, and the restaurant would be used as a kitchen and staff canteen.
“These are all added advantages, while the wild animals on the farm will help in the anti-poaching training.”
According to Shilumbu the farm is strategically located as it is near the capital. It has a helipad and an airfield, which the army intends to transform into a military airport.
Furthermore, the farm has an Olympic-standard shooting range that will be used as a training area.
Shilumbu said Oropoko has a well-developed laundry, conference centre, kitchens, accommodation as well as mechanical workshop where the troops can maintain NDF vehicles without travelling to town for repairs.
“On top of that, there is a well-developed and independent water infrastructure that will, in the long run, offset costs and besides being connected to the national electricity grid it has a local electricity generation system,” said Shilumbu.
The farm is home to several wildlife species. “The NDF is also trying to teach its members to live together with wildlife, protect them and avoid killing them for the pot,” Shilumbu said.
He said although the price of the farm might sound high, the benefits outweighed the costs.
“One of the NDF's peacetime roles is the protection of the environment including our animals, hence the need to train troops to live in harmony with wild animals,” said Shilumbu.
According to Kadhila negotiations for buying the farm started about five years ago and the purchase was budgeted for in the NDF's long-term budget for capital projects.
In September last year, finance minister Calle Schlettwein made N$100 million available to the NDF during the mid-term budget review.
At the time Schlettwein said the money was needed for “long-term commitments”.
Last month, thousands of army personnel staying at the seven bases around the country were forced to take leave with effect from this month.
Those who were already on leave were asked not to report for duty since the army could no longer afford to feed them and pay the water and electricity bills.
The defence ministry was allocated N$5.6 billion of the national budget for the 2017/18 financial year.
Oropoko Lodge consists of 30 luxurious rooms and three suites that are spread over nine bungalows. All have their own bathroom and shower, toilet, air-conditioning, minibar, safe and telephone.
In addition, there is a conference room for 60 participants, a small library, a swimming pool and a restaurant with sun terrace.
Wildlife on the farm include kudu, gemsbok, waterbuck, eland, giraffe, leopard, mountain and plains zebra, ostrich, blesbok, hartebeest, warthog and springbok.
In a press statement issued this week, PDM treasurer Nico Smit said he had learned that a new computer system had “lost” the marks of senior students.
As a result, students could not register for the new academic year.
“The university therefore cannot inform these students whether they passed or not. Apart from this unheard-of situation, students were confronted with about one week during which they could register, either at the various campuses or online,” he said.
Smit also criticised the slow registration process, saying the university only managed to register half of the expected students.
“The PDM wishes to express its disappointment with the fact that the minister of higher education, training and renewal, Dr Itah Kandjii-Murangi, has had little or nothing to say about what has been happening at Unam. Surely she should have been offering advice and support to the students who have been subjected to great trauma as a result of these chaotic circumstances, but she has been conspicuous by her silence on this whole matter.”
Unam spokesperson Simon Namesho responded by saying that the volume of students registering at any given time during the registration period fluctuates tremendously.
According to him, there is a spike in registrations around month-end.
“The total student population of 2017 stood at 24 759. As of 6 February 2018, and bearing in mind that the late registration period commences only on 7 February, the enrolment of students is only 11% shy of the previous year's total students registered.
“Hence, there is no need to be anxious about the number of students enrolling at the University of Namibia,” he said.
He denied that students' marks had been lost, saying that the university had a thorough system of storing students' academic records.
“Should marks, whether of continuous assessment or examinations, not be reflecting on the student portal for any technical reasons, the university is in a position to retrieve marks when need arise.
“For students that might be experiencing challenges in accessing their marks on the student portal, service points have been set up to assist them daily.
“In addition, faculty officers are available to assist students that may need further assistance in terms of module selections or guidance outside the registration period,” said Namesho.
Speaking at the official opening of the 2018 legal year yesterday, Geingob also cautioned that the country's courts should not be used to settle political disputes.
“Yours is a profession of trust. A noble duty, an indispensable function of our democratic construct,” the president said.
“It will be a sad day when our courts discard their aloofness and descend into the melee of politics. Let us therefore ensure that that day never comes.”
The president said under no circumstances should financial difficulties be used as an excuse for compromising integrity.
“The challenges we face present a true test of our integrity and we should pass this test by bluntly refusing to be compromised, no matter how difficult the situation is.”
Geingob said the war against poverty and corruption, as well as the realisation of shared prosperity, cannot take place in the absence of social order.
“The judiciary, through the application of the rule of law, is indispensable to the task of bringing order to our society,” he said.
He further encouraged the judiciary to review laws and customary practices that are archaic and do not apply to the realities of modern Namibia.
Geingob emphasised that Namibian House must be characterised by a just society, because such a society will prevail over poverty.
He added that a just society will always stand up against corruption and will eventually realise the dream of shared prosperity.
“Where justice is denied, where poverty is enforced, where ignorance prevails and where any one class is made to feel that society is an organised conspiracy to oppress, rob and degrade them, neither persons nor property is safe,” he said, quoting Frederick Douglas.
Chief Justice Peter Shivute said the recently created Criminal Justice Reform Task Force identified short, medium and long-term strategies to deal with delays affecting the criminal justice process.
He said measures that can be implemented without new legislation and without committing extraordinary financial resources have been grouped under short-term strategies, and would be implemented without delay.
“At the end we will be producing home-grown blueprint to make Namibia's criminal justice system more responsive to the needs of the community it is supposed to serve,” Shivute said.
He added the issue of bail continues to create a great deal of public debate and misunderstanding, but it is important that the judiciary applies the principles governing bail correctly.
To this end, the judiciary conducted a series of training programmes for the magistrates on the applicable principles.
This follows the recent approval of its acquisition of 70% of the share capital of the short-term insurance subsidiary of Quanta Holdings.
Speaking at the launch, finance minister Calle Schlettwein commended MMI Namibia Holdings for acquiring a portion of Quanta’s short-term insurance business as it aims to grow its short-term insurance footprint locally.
“I wish to congratulate the board and shareholders of MMI Holdings and Momentum Insure for this investment, which adds to the expansion and diversification of products and services in the short-term insurance industry,” he said.
According to Schlettwein, the Quanta acquisition reflected MMI’s confidence in the Namibian economy.
“Your business proposition is a credible demonstration of confidence in the domestic economy and the financial sector in particular,” Schlettwein said.
He called on MMI Namibia to ensure that its service offerings included low-income earners and said insurance companies had a role to play in contributing to growth.
“The insurance industry has a distinct role to play in contributing to this growth narrative through providing relevant, inclusive and affordable products and services to businesses and individuals,” said Schlettwein.
In a similar stance, Schlettwein said good business opportunities were on the horizon for those in the financial services industry keen to provide services to low-income earners.
“I would like to encourage MMI Namibia to deploy its capacity to service low-income groups of our society, those in the informal sector employment and SMEs, as they contribute a considerable share of the economy,” Schlettwein said.
Quanta’s Johan Barnard said of the acquisition: “The transaction is confirmation of the success and track record that Quanta garnered during the short time that we have been part of the Namibian insurance landscape. The MMI group footprint will allow Quanta to spread its wings in terms of the offerings to the public via our trusted broker network.”
Quanta Holdings was established in 2015 by Johan Barnard, Riana Botes and Justus Hausiku.
In the latest incident a Windhoek [name withheld] said a man phoned to say that the usual supplier, Maxes Office Machines, had run out of E-studio 2500ac toner, insisting that the order should be done through a bogus company, First Golden, instead.
The source at the company said the man spoke Afrikaans and apparently made the call from Namibia.
In an email which followed shortly thereafter, the fraudster, using the alias Samantha Bredenkamp, wrote that Toshiba in South Africa had run out of the toner and that the next shipment would only arrive in June or July.
The email stated that the Toshiba management had “authorised” the company to order six toner cartridges at N$3 995 each from First Golden.
Maxes Office Machines, a supplier of Toshiba copiers and toner in Windhoek, said the fraudsters had pounced on its unsuspecting clients with the claim that Maxes could not supply them with toner.
What is particularly strange, said Frank Snyman of Maxes Office Machines, is that the fraudsters knew exactly which clients had Toshiba copiers and which ones had ordered toner.
“This is a gimmick,” Snyman warned, stressing that Maxes' clients should contact them should they receive suspicious emails.
Atlantic Distributors, the agents for Defy home appliances in Namibia, in 2014 fell prey to the toner scam when, despite initial misgivings, they went ahead and ordered from First Golden.
Andre van Zyl of Atlantic Distributors said the company paid but the toner never arrived.
“These fraudsters are very shrewd. They have done their homework very well,” Van Zyl said.
Sean Siqueira of Copy Type Electronics Toshiba South Africa, which supplies Maxes, said the First Golden fraudsters have been getting away with the scam for years without consequences.
“I believe these guys are very jacked up,” Siqueira said. “These are proper crooks. The problem is we cannot do anything about it unless our customers come to us and report that they have been ripped off.”
Of the apparently leaked customer information, Siqueira said the fraudsters could be using a huge spam email list, but acknowledged that there could be leaks within the company.
Siqueira suggested that companies put up firewalls to prevent data leaks.
He said it was difficult to press criminal charges because Toshiba South Africa had no evidence of actual fraudulent transactions.
He said Toshiba South Africa had sent out warning letters to customers to be wary of the scam.
“We can put in as much time and energy into an investigation but unless a transaction takes place I see no reason why we should waste our energy like that,” Siqueira said.
Playing the race card
A response to questions sent to an email address used in the scam was rather indignant: “The only proper crooks in Africa are all the white people who still own the majority of wealth. These are the proper crooks who couldn't leave Africa in peace in their own land, but instead came to their land, stole from them and then turned them against each other.”
This respondent charged that white people in Africa, and especially in southern Africa, devised laws and doctrines to enslave black people and force them to “play by their rules”.
After a long diatribe, the scammer concluded: “[I] guess it's OK if the white people cheat black people out of their land, wealth and rights. But it becomes a problem when the white man's business or company is being disrupted.”
The Epupa informal open market not only sells counterfeit products, but also houses illegal food and liquor traders in the heart of the town which attracts many tourists.
The area is very dirty.
The market, situated behind the NDC Complex and Agra retail outlet, has stalls made of discarded cardboard boxes and plastic containers and there is no water, toilets or electricity.
According to the regional police commander, Commissioner James Nderura, the market is a hub of illegal and counterfeit products. He says the popular 'ombike' homebrew sold at the market could be dangerous because the vendors do not follow the traditional recipe and nobody regulates the ingredients. “The business at the open market is a concern to the police. We frequently confiscate counterfeit products such as cigarettes and other products during our ad hoc operations,” Nderura says. The vendors claim they are generating an income and have no alternative. When Namibian Sun visited Opuwo last week, one of the ombike vendors, Ester Kasita, said she had been selling ombike and another homebrew called 'otjikariha' for the past 15 years. Kasita refused to disclose the ingredients she uses. “We are making a lot of money. People here enjoy drinking ombike and otjikariha. We sell these drinks in different sized containers and business is going very well,” Kasita said.
Commissioner Nderura, however, is worried about the ombike and otjikariha sold at the market. “These products are the most challenging thing we have to deal with in Opuwo. We have noticed that the way this ombike is brewed and prepared is not the same as how it is done traditionally by the Aawambo. “This version is made out of old clothes, tyres and other items, making it dangerous for human consumption. During our last operation we took samples for laboratory testing at our district hospital but unfortunately we have not received results yet,” Nderura said.
Kasita said neither the vendors nor the customers cared how the place looks. “We are aware that the place is dirty but that does not stop customers from coming.
You will always find this place full of customers and vendors conducting business. The only things we need are toilets and water,” Kasita said.
She said the only time business becomes a challenge is during the rainy season.
“We do not see people from the ministry of health visiting us, only during those years when it was reported that there was cholera,” she said.
Another vendor, Tjalimbwa Kavari, said Opuwo residents decided to establish the informal market because the town council had failed to create a formal market.
“We are here on our own and some of us have been operating here for many, many years. There are no services. We have no water, toilets, electricity or even rubbish bins. Those selling food are exposed to dirt and germs but we are doing this to survive as there is no other place to go,” Kavari said.
Kavari said vendors and customers alike relieve themselves behind the stalls.
Unregulated butchers slaughter animals such as cattle, goats and pigs right there at the market. With no running water or drains, pools of blood and carcasses lying in the open attract scavenging dogs and flies.
One butcher, Epson Kauta, said there were no regulations regarding the slaughter of livestock in town. He said they did the slaughtering at the market and sold the meat to vendors who, in turn, traded either in the streets or at the market.
The manager at Agra, Gert Scholtz, said the business community had asked the town council to relocate the open market but that never happened. He added that the place harms the image of Opuwo.
“A lot of criminal activities such as burglaries at businesses are on the rise in Opuwo. While we are not saying the people at the open market are responsible, the chaos of the place makes it very difficult to control the movement of people. The council told us they had identified a new place for the open market, but no relocation has ever taken place.”
Officials and politicians of the town refused to comment.
Martin Edward, the acting CEO who is also the council's financial manager, would not comment, saying he had been in the CEO position for only three months.
The town's mayor, Albert Tjiuma, did not respond to enquiries sent to him.
In an interview with Namibian Sun in December 2016 after his re-election, Tjiuma promised that his council's main priority for the coming year  was to clean up the town. He said the aim was to make sure that the town looked neat and was able to attract investors.
Regional health inspector Barbara Kahiha too refused to comment on the health hazards posed by the informal market. Regulations pertaining to urban slaughtering fall under the mandate of the health ministry.
The newly appointed Kunene governor, Marius Sheya, could not be reached for comment. He was on a familiarisation tour of the region and was not reachable by cellphone.
The expected changes could also include ministries being merged in his bloated administration, besides new faces coming into executive posts, which has been necessitated by last year's Swapo congress outcome and the recent firings of Jerry Ekandjo and Pendukeni Iivula-Ithana. Also being speculated about is the future of vice-president Nickey Iyambo, who has not been in the best of health. Senior ruling party sources told Namibian Sun yesterday that Iyambo may well be “sent home to rest”, and that that there is a strong push from within Geingob's inner circle to have current deputy prime minister Netumbo-Nandi Ndaitwah take his place.
This would then pave the way for former Swapo secretary-general Nangolo Mbumba to take up Nandi-Ndwaitah's current position, where she doubles as international relations minister.
Among other speculation, it also emerged this week that tourism minister Pohamba Shifeta may well be the frontrunner to replace Ekandjo as sports minister, after the latter was fired together with home affairs minister Iivula-Ithana last Thursday.
Ekandjo and Iivula-Ithana were the first victims of what Geingob has termed 'the year of reckoning', after they brutally attacked his leadership abilities during the run-up to the Swapo elective congress in November last year.
Another cabinet position that needs to be filled is that of housing minister Sophia Shaningwa, who was elected as the new Swapo SG, while the push for Nandi-Ndaitwah to become vice-president comes after she emerged as the party vice-president, and Geingob's natural successor, at the congress.
Senior sources reiterated that is likely that Geingob will merge some ministries, some of which controversially have up to two deputy ministers, who may now also face the chop.
Among the ministries that are likely to be merged are gender and poverty, which many believe have overlapping responsibilities.
There are also rumours that the two education ministries will be merged, but it remains unclear who is likely to be axed between basic education minister Katrina Hanse-Himarwa and her higher education counterpart Itah Kandjii-Murangi.
There is also talk that the fisheries and environment ministries may also be brought under one roof.
Although analysts were reluctant to comment on the speculation, they reminded the public and those carrying around reshuffling lists that Geingob is limited by the parliamentary list, which he must use to draw new ministers from.
Political commentator Ndumba Kamwanyah is not convinced that the president will be able to find the expected qualifications and skills from this list.
“But perhaps he will make a few moves within government,” he said.
Another commentator Dr Andrew Niikondo, however feels there are enough people to choose from.
The Road Challenge will be followed by the Kidz Challenge on 24 February and end with the Mountain Bike Challenge scheduled for 25 February.
The Road Challenge will start at the Nedbank branch in Independence Avenue in Windhoek at 07:00 this Sunday.
The cycling event caters for professionals, as well as first-timers daring to take on the 20, 30, 60 or 100km road races.
Children aged between three and 13 years will be able to take part in the Kidz Challenge.
Nedbank, together with Cycletec Adventures, will present a fun-filled adventure cycling day for the young enthusiasts, the bank said in a media release.
The Mountain Bike Challenge will take place at Avis Dam.
This huge national mountain bike event, held in conjunction with Rock & Rut Cycling Club, will allow mountain bikers to test their skills and ingenuity on the trails in the 15, 30 and 60km races.
Nedbank has been a proud host of the cycling series for 33 years and the legacy continues to grow.
“Promoting cycling in Namibia goes beyond the excitement of hosting high-level competitions and events.
“It goes hand in hand with developing and investing in teams and individuals from various backgrounds, to nurture local talent.
“Contributing toward the development of the sport and cyclists in particular have been the reasons why the bank has backed the sport for so long,” said Selma Kaulinge, Nedbank's communication specialist.
Kaulinge said further that cycling is not only a competitive sport, but also a popular leisure activity, which bears the added advantage of offering an efficient means of transport.
“The sport attracts not only professional athletes, but amateur cyclists, as well as seasoned cycling fans of all ages and backgrounds. The races are family-friendly, with large crowds of supporters flocking to the events each year.
“Partners such as Coca Cola, NHP (Namibia Health Plan) and Windhoek Express make valuable contributions in ensuring this renowned event is sustained year on year,” she said.
The cycle challenge is one of many cycling events to be hosted by Nedbank this year, in the run-up to the Desert Dash.
After the race categories conclude, the prize-giving ceremony will commence.
Australia, ranked eighth in the world, started the match with a 10th minute goal by Lauren Austin.
However, Namibia's Kiana-Che Cormack responded with a 12th minute goal.
The match was equally contested for a few minutes until Kyah Gray from Australia scored in the 20th minute.
Cormack, who had seemingly packed the right hockey stick for the day, scored in the 24th and 28th minute, but the Australians equalised to leave the score tied at 3-3.
No goals were scored in the second half.
The Namibians started the tournament off on the wrong foot, as they were defeated 6-2 by third ranked Czech Republic in their opening Group B match on Wednesday.
The team then went head to head with hosts Germany later in the evening and lost 12-0 in their second match. This did not deter the underrated team, led by coach Edwin Haindura, who has been preparing his side thoroughly to match their more experienced opponents.
Namibia was expected to face Ukraine in their fourth match shortly before going to print.
The indoor world cup ends on Sunday.
Moses will clash with Mexican boxer Raymundo Beltran for the World Boxing Organisation (WBO) lightweight world title at the Grand Sierra Resort & Casino in Reno, Nevada.
The Namibian boxer, who will finish off his preparations for the fight in the US, is accompanied by trainers Nestor Tobias and Siegfried Kaperu.
Next Tuesday, the team will attend a gym media day, followed by a press conference the next day.
The boxer will also do television interviews on Thursday, with the official weigh-in scheduled for 14:00 on the same day.
Moses was in high spirits before boarding the Air Namibia flight to Frankfurt, where he and his entourage will catch a connecting flight to the US.
He promised “nothing but fireworks”, when he clashes with the Mexican fighter next Friday.
In Russia it would appear, if the flight radar of their private jet ZS-OAK is anything to go by.
The Guptas may have had to fly commercial airlines for a month when their jet was apparently grounded over the festive season, but it wasn't long before their private wings were flying high again.
The Gupta family's private jet, a Bombardier Global 6000 business aircraft registered as ZS-OAK, flew from Dubai to Zurich on 13 December, where it remained for six days before taking a 36-minute hop to EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg in Switzerland.
There the plane stayed put for more than a month before taking to the skies again on 25 January.
It was widely reported in December that the Guptas had fallen behind in their scheduled repayments of a loan that financed ZS-OAK.
According to the Financial Mail, the Canadian government's export credit agency, which provided a soft loan for 80% of the finance required to buy the jet, had instituted legal action against the Guptas for defaulting on their payments and wanted to seize the aircraft to settle the outstanding debt.
Export Development Canada (EDC) provides finance to international customers to buy Canadian products.
The EDC, the paper said, had previously grounded the plane at Lanseria airport for 48 hours due to non-payment and that a bank provided the guarantee and the EDC released the aircraft.
The EDC loaned the family US$41 million to purchase their private jet. It was bought from controversial company Bombardier Aerospace in December 2014 and helped facilitate a loan between Gupta company Westdawn Investments and Bombadier Aerospace for the aircraft.
The EDC told Daily Maverick in December they would be rescinding the loan and may be taking steps to repossess the aircraft should the brothers continue to miss payments and should they be unable to refinance.
And there the issue - and the jet - stayed until the aircraft took to the skies again on January 25 when it flew from Basel to Dubai.
While it isn't clear who is using ZS-OAK, the end destinations of the flights indicate it is still in the possession of the Gupta brothers.
The plane has been flying backward and forward between India and Dubai, in a similar way that it was before its trip to Zurich in December.
According to flight radar applications the jet flew last on Tuesday from Dubai to New Delhi. Yesterday it took off from India and flew to St Petersburg.
The Gupta brothers call both Dubai and India home.
The family originally come from Saharanpur in the Uttar Pradesh state in India. They still have many familial and business ties with their home country.
And in Dubai Rajesh Gupta, also known as Tony, has permanently moved to the family's R330 million mansion there, not to mention all the shelf companies and bank accounts the brothers have in the flashy city.
The plane hasn't been in South Africa for months and it isn't clear if any of the Gupta family members are still in the country and if they have left, if they will ever return.
On Tuesday a group of security guards at the main gate of their mansion in Saxonwold refused to say if the Guptas were there or not.
It also isn't clear if the Guptas were able to make a payment leading to the release of the aircraft but Phil Taylor from the EDC told News24 the legal proceedings they have against the Guptas are still proceeding.
“Our position has not changed,” said Taylor.
“The movement of the aircraft is not an indication of that process.”
Angelique Serrao and Pieter-Louis Myburgh
Momukanda gwiikundnaeki ngoka gwa pitithwa kongundu ndjoka oshiwike shika, omudhiginini gwiiniwe mongundu ndjoka, Nico Smit okwa popi kutya oya nongele kutya omulandu ngoka gwopakompiuta tagu longithwa kuUnam ogwa kanitha iitsa niizemo yaailongi.
Onga oshizemo aailongi aakulu itaya vulu okwiishangitha moshikako shomvula ompe.
Okwa popi kutya oshiputudhilo itashi vulu okutseyithila aailongi ngele oya pita nenge oya ndopa.
Smit okwa nyana woo omukalo gwokushangitha aailongi tagu ende kashona, ta popi kutya oshiputudhilo osha pondola owala okushangitha etata lyaailongi.
Momushangwa ngoka PDM okwa popi kutya okwa hala okuholola euvo lyonayi lye, sho Ominista yElongo lyoPombanda, Dr Itah Kandjii-Murangi, ina yi popya sha kombinga yonkalo ndjoka tayi inyenge moUnam.
Omupopiliko gwaUnam, Simon Namesho okwa yamukula kutya omwaalu gwaailongi mboka taya ishangitha moshiputudhilo shoka ogwa londa pombanda noonkondo muule wethimbo.
Okwa ekelehi omapopyo kutya iizemo yaailongi oya kana, ta popi kutya oshiputushilo shawo oshi na omulandu gwopombanda ngoka hagu pungula iizemo yaailongi.
Okwa popi kutya ngele iizemo yaailongi itayi ulike kepandja ndyoka hali longithwa kaailongi mokumona iizemo yawo, nena Unam oha vulu okugandja iizemo mbyoka ngele tashi pumbiwa.
Opoloyeka ndjoka oya li ya manithwa omvula ya piti na okwa li kwa tegelelwa oombelewa ndhoka dhi patululwe pambelelwa nuumvvo.
Aatungi mboka oya thiminikwa ya galukile kiilonga konima sho omatungo gamwe po moombelewa ndhoka ga hanagulwa po koshikungulu shoka sha li sha dhenge omudhingoloko ngoka.
Aaniilonga yamwe po aatungi mboka ya ningwa nayo oonkundathana koshifokundaneki shoNamibian Sun oya popi kutya iipeleki noombuli dhomatungo gamwe po oya hanagulwapo na oyo tayi wapalekwa nokutungululwa.
Aaniilonga oya popi kutya oya li ya haluka mokutseyithilwa kutya omatungo ngoka oga hanagulwapo koshikungulu, taya popi kutya ogali ga manithwa ngaashi ompangela yetungo tayi utha.
Omunambelewa Omukuluntu gwOpolisi yaNamibia, Sebastian Ndeitunga, okwa popi kutya sho a tseyithilwa oshiningwanima shoka okwa pula oondjinia opo dhika konaakone onkalo ndjoka yo yemutseyithile oshizemo shomakonaakono gawo.
Ndeitunga okwa popi kutya okwa tseyithilwa kutya ope na iilonga yimwe tayi pumbwa okuningwa nehangano otali ka longa iilonga mbyoka pwaahena iifuta yagwedhwa po.
Ndeitunga okwa popi kutya okwa hala etungo alihe li konaakonwe opo ku yandwe iikumungu yi li ngaaka monakuyiwa.
Uuyelele kombinga yongushu yopoloyeka ndjoka inawu pewa natango oshigwana, nomukuluntu gwiilonga popoloyeka ndjoka, ngoka a tseyika owala nedhina Zheng okwa popi kutya ita dhimbuluka kutya opoloyeka ndjoka oya tungwa kongushu yiimaliwa ingapi.
Ehangano olya holola kutya opoloyeka ndjoka oya tungwa kongushu yiimaliwa yili pokati koomiliyona 60 no 70.
Ndeitunga okwa popi kutya ongushu yopoloyeka otayi ka tseyithwa uuna omatungo ngoka ga patululwa.
Menindjela gwofaalama yEtunda, Albertus Viljoen, okwa popi kutya opoloyeka ndjoka otayi pula nawa komeho.
Omvula ya piti, Uuministeli wUunamapya pamwe nehangano lyaSpain lyoIndustrias Alimentarias de Navarra (IAN), oya Shaina etsokumwe lyuule woomvula omulongo lyopoloyeka ndjoka.
Etsokumwe otali utha opo ehangano ndyoka lya Spain li kale tali kunu nokuteya oshihape shoka sho 'white asparagus' mEtunda.
“Otwa kuna nale oohecta 30 muJanuari niimeno otayi koko nawa. Otatu longekidha okutameka okukuna moohecta 30 dha hupako na otatu pangele tu tameke muMaalitsa nuumvo. Ayihe otayi pula nawa komeho ngaashi twa pangela,” Viljoen ta popi.
Opoloyeka ndjoka oya tamekele nomalongekidho muJuli gwomvula ya piti, nomvula ya piti muKotomba, pauyelele wonzokundnnaeki yoNampa, Ominista yUunamapya, John Mutorwa oya li ya popi kutya opoloyeka ndjoka oyi li oshizemo shoonkambadhala dha tameke mo 2015, sho ehangano ndyoka lya ningi omalolela gokumeneka oshihape shoka pOmahenene Research Station.
Pethimbo kwa shainwa etsokumwe ndyoka noIAN, Mutorwa okwa popi kutya iizemo yomakonaakono nomalolelo ngoka ga ningwa oya li tayi shambula onkene okwa tokolwa opo ku tulwe miilonga opoloyeka ndjoka.
Mutotwa okwa popi kutya opoloyeka ndjoka otayi pula epungulo lyoshimaliwa shokutamekitha shoomiliyona 8.8 oshowo oomiliyona 25 dhokutunga ofaktoli moRuacana.
Pethimbo lyoshitopolwa shotango shiilonga yopoloyeka ndjoka, oompito dhiilonga 175 otadhi ka totwapo noompito dhiilonga 25 otadhi kalelele. Oshitopolwa oshitiyali shiilonga otashi ka gandja iilonga kaantu 120.
Sho a popi poshituthi sha faathana, omukalelipo gwoIAN, Carlos Lertxundi, okwa popi kutya opoloyeka ndjoka oyo tayi kala yotango muAfrika sho ehangano ndyoka li na oopoloyeka dha faathana miilonga yaSouth Amerika, Europa naAsia.
Lertxundi okwa popi kutya oohecta 60 otadhi ka nduluka ootona dho asparagus 460 kehe omvula nootona odhindji otadhi ka tumwa momalanditho gopondje yoshilongo oshowo dhimwe otadhi ka landitha moshilongo.
Oropoko Lodge ndjoka tayi adhika popepi nOkahandja, oya landwa oomwedhi ne dha piti okuza kuKurt Steinhausen, ngoka e li kuume komukokoli presidende Sam Nuyoma.
Omunambelewa Omupopiliko guuministeli mboka,
Major Petrus Shilumbu, okwa koleke kutya elando lyofaalama ndjoka olya kundathanwa uule woomvula ntano, nondando oya li poomiliyona 69, ihe oya landa ko ofaalama ndjoka koomiliyona 45. Egumbo ndyoka lyaayenda otali adhika oshinano shookilometa 130 okuza mOvenduka na olya tungwa mo 1993 poplota yoohecta 11 000.
Shilumbu okwa popi kutya elundululo lyegumbo ndyoka okuza kedhina lyamwene gwegumbo ndyoka okuya kedhina lyomulandi omupe, olya ningwa momasiku 25 gaSepetemba omvula ya piti, ta gwedha po kutya egumbo ndyoka otali ka kala noshikondo shaakwiita muuministeli mboka, shoka kashi na okamba yokuza ngashiingeyi.
Pahapu dhaMayola-Ndjai Ben Kadhila, ngoka e li omunambelewa gwochief of staff for joint operations, okwa popi kutya iikondo ya yooloka yi vulithe pushimwe otayi ka kala megumbo ndyoka. Okwa popi kutya aakwiita yiikondo ya yooloka muuministeli otaya ka kala nokupewelwa omadheulo mofaalama ndjoka. Namibia oku na oonkamba dhaakwiita dhi li heyali moshilongo, ndhoka hadhi kala naakwiita yeli pokati ko700 ne 1 000.
Shilumbu okwa popi kutya mofaalama ndjoka otamu adhika woo iiyamakuti, naashoka oshi li uuwanawa wuuministeli molwaashoka otawu ka longitha ompito ndjoka okudheulila aakwiita okukala pamwe niiyamakuti nokuyigamena nokuyanda okuyi dhipaga. Okwa popi kutya nonando ondando yofaalama ndjoka oyi li pombanda omauwanawa ngoka taga adhika mofaalama ndjoka ogendji na otaga ka longithwa muuwanawa woshikondo shegameno lyoshilongo.
Kadhila okwa popi kutya oonkundathana dhokulanda ofaalama ndjoka odha tamekele oomvula ntano dha piti, niimaliwa mbyoka oya kala yiikalekelwa muuministeli ya nuninwa okulanda ehala ndyoka. Omvula ya piti muSepetemba, Ominista yEmona lyaNamibia, Calle Schlettwein okwa gandja oomiliyona 100 koshikondo shegameno momutengenekwathaneko gwoshikako shopokati, niimaliwa mbyoka okwa popi kutya oya pumbiwa miinakugwanithwa yethimbo ele.
Omwedhi gwa piti, aakwiita yetanga lyegameno mboka taya lumbu mookamba dha yooloka moshilongo oya thiminikwa ya ye mefudho omwedhi nguka, naamboka ya li momafudho oya lombwelwa opo kaya ilopote kiilonga molwaashoka uuministeli itawu vulu we okuya palutha nokufuta omeya nolusheno. Uuministeli owa pewa oobiliyona 5.6 momutengenekwathaneo gwomvula yo 2017/2018.
Oropoko Lodge oyi na oondunda dhokulala 30, omahala gokulala gopamuthika gwopombanda geli gatatu ngoka ga topolwa miitopolwa 9.
Omu na woo oshinyanga shiigongi tamu vulu okukala aantu 60 poshikando, ongulumambo onshona, ehala lyokuyoga oshowo okefe yiikulya. Iinamwenyo mbyoka tayi adhika mofaalama ndjoka ongaashi, oomenye, oonduli, omatotngwe, oompo noompinda okutumbulapo owala yimwe po.