Articles on this Page
- 11/28/19--14:00: _The winds of change
- 11/28/19--14:00: _Kavango remains loy...
- 11/28/19--14:00: _Knowledge knows no ...
- 11/28/19--14:00: _The calm in the storm
- 11/28/19--14:00: _Black Friday, Cyber...
- 11/28/19--14:00: _Building dreams and...
- 11/28/19--14:00: _Zuma's lawyers jet ...
- 11/28/19--14:00: _Two-horse race
- 11/28/19--14:00: _Finding the law
- 12/01/19--14:00: _Have a plan B - Nyambe
- 12/01/19--14:00: _Pivac begins Wales ...
- 12/01/19--14:00: _Arsenal hunt new
- 12/01/19--14:00: _Klopp hails 'inner ...
- 12/01/19--14:00: _India lead arch-riv...
- 12/01/19--14:00: _Uukongo waaheli pam...
- 12/01/19--14:00: _ECN a pewa ombedhi ...
- 12/01/19--14:00: _Mo targets track re...
- 12/01/19--14:00: _Impressive CAF vict...
- 12/01/19--14:00: _Solid gender equali...
- 12/01/19--14:00: _Key zones saved fro...
- 11/28/19--14:00: The winds of change
- 11/28/19--14:00: Kavango remains loyal to Geingob
- 11/28/19--14:00: Knowledge knows no gender
- 11/28/19--14:00: The calm in the storm
- 11/28/19--14:00: Black Friday, Cyber Monday and secure online shopping
- 11/28/19--14:00: Building dreams and futures through football
- 11/28/19--14:00: Zuma's lawyers jet in for Fishrot bail hearing
- 11/28/19--14:00: Two-horse race
- 11/28/19--14:00: Finding the law
- 12/01/19--14:00: Have a plan B - Nyambe
- 12/01/19--14:00: Pivac begins Wales reign
- 12/01/19--14:00: Arsenal hunt new
- 12/01/19--14:00: Klopp hails 'inner steel'
- 12/01/19--14:00: India lead arch-rivals Pakistan
- 12/01/19--14:00: Uukongo waaheli pamulandu kawu na mo ehala moNamibia
- 12/01/19--14:00: ECN a pewa ombedhi omolwa oompangela dhankundipala
- 12/01/19--14:00: Mo targets track return
- 12/01/19--14:00: Impressive CAF victories
- 12/01/19--14:00: Solid gender equality progress
- 12/01/19--14:00: Key zones saved from mining
As trends begin to emerge following the Namibian electorate going to the polls on Wednesday, as predicted, the race to State House is a two-horse race between the incumbent and the independent presidential candidate. Yet for many who would see multiparty democracy strengthened, not only here but regionally, continentally and globally, the National Assembly race is even more interesting, as traditional Swapo strongholds have recorded telling gains for opposition parties. Where opposition party presidential candidates have performed with limited success, somehow a smattering of traditional Swapo votes ended up in their pot of support. In fact, from the provisional results it would seem that the ruling party's grip on a two-thirds majority may be loosening, while the opposition benches, which cumulatively housed about 20% of the seats after the 2014 general election, will likely now be emboldened and more able to hold power to account. President Hage Geingob's 87% in 2014 is now a distant memory, and if he manages to hold on and remain resident at State House or face a run-off, the nature of politics has been irrevocably changed.
Finally the liberation struggle collateral has run out, as Namibian voters turn their attention to the massive challenges of the day and the future of their beloved homeland. Whoever stands triumphant or defeated at the end of the counting process must know that political power is borrowed from the citizens of this nation. It is not a currency to use as you wish to the benefit of insiders and cronies. Political power belongs to the citizens, not to parties and their leaders. This nation, blessed with so much, has finally turned the corner, and has grabbed this realisation with both hands. Namibia is the people, and the people are Namibians!
However, this has led to much ire on social media, with memes even emerging of the two Kavango regions being excluded from the map of Namibia.
Geingob and independent candidate Panduleni Itula are involved in a brutal battle for State House, while opposition parties, especially the Popular Democratic Movement (PDM) and Landless People's Movement (LPM) have, at least according to yesterday's preliminary results, made inroads in Swapo strongholds.
However, the preliminary results in Kavango East and Kavango West show both the party and Geingob still have overwhelming support.
In the Rundu Urban constituency Geingob scooped 13 464 votes out of 17 402 votes, while Itula garnered 2 565 votes.
In the same constituency Swapo scooped 81% of the 17 381 (14 065 votes), followed by the PDM with 1 185 votes.
In the Rundu Rural constituency Geingob and Swapo also emerged victorious in both the presidential and National Assembly polls.
Geingob scooped 2 699 votes out of the 3 098 cast, followed by Itula with a mere 136 votes.
As for the National Assembly election results for the Rundu Rural Constituency, Swapo scooped 2 631 votes out of the 3 101 votes cast, followed by the All People's Party (APP) with 229 votes.
Making your mark as a woman in a male-dominated industry is not for the faint-hearted, but Anel Wasserfall has proven that the tide is turning and more women are rising to higher positions.
“What is pleasing to note is the number of women starting their own brokerages or managing a branch or office for a brokerage. Insurance is a field built on knowledge and relationships. Knowledge knows no gender. Any woman, who has sufficient knowledge, the right personality traits and upholds high customer service standards, has a competitive advantage,” she says.
Wasserfall has succeeded in a male-dominated industry by executing her tasks flawlessly, thus proving herself capable and earning the respect of her customers and colleagues alike.
She was born in Cape Town, South Africa, but moved to a small town called Tulbagh in the Boland growing up.
“Even after all these years, I still believe Tulbagh is the prettiest place on earth with its snow-capped mountains in winter and green vineyards and orchards in summer.”
She moved to Cape Town to study and work in information technology. It was in Cape Town where she met her husband, a Namibian, and they decided to make their home in Namibia.
“My professional development was strongly cultivated in the insurance industry. During my employment at Hollard the past 12 years, I held various positions from an assistant to a portfolio manager, administration manager, operations manager and general manager.”
Wasserfall considers herself fortunate to be able to take the next step on her career path with Old Mutual, which is one of the largest and oldest financial services companies in Namibia.
“I am excited about the vibrant culture in our daily business interactions and look forward to applying my knowledge, skills and expertise to growing the brand further.”
As the broker distribution manager, Wasserfall has to formulate the broker distribution strategy, manage the profitability and delivery of new business in Namibia and manage all stakeholders, including the brokers and the retail affluent market segment.
This is done through in-depth understanding of the market, economic and political opportunities and environmental threats.
“By building strong relationships, a high-performance culture combined with the set values that guide our business dealings with each other, our customers, communities and other stakeholders in line with our own purpose and strategy, any broker distribution manager will be successful,” Wasserfall says.
She has received a lot of support from all stakeholders, including men, since her appointment, which she sees as a sure sign of the world changing for the better.
“My biggest accomplishments have been to grow within the financial service industry. Starting at the very bottom, hardly knowing what insurance is but then working my way up. Showing that it can be done and that hard work does get rewarded.”
Balancing work and family life has been one of Wasserfall’s challenges.
“Fortunately my husband is very supportive. We have come to jokily accept that my work is like team sport.
“Having to travel and sometimes working long hours that take you away from your family can be difficult, but it helps when you have a good support structure and, most importantly, to manage the balance. To not allow the one to totally consume the other,” she believes.
The joy and happiness of others makes Wasserfall very happy.
“That applies in both my professional and private lives. When my employer truly makes a difference in the lives of others, and when I can contribute to making a difference, it boosts my own spirit with a sense of contentment.”
Five facts about Anel Wasserfall that not everyone might know:
1. Cooking is a passion of mine – I might have missed my true calling there.
2. I have terrible handwriting.
3. I am organised even though my desk looks like an explosion just happened there.
4. My knowledge of plants is shocking. “There are only three types of flowers: roses, lilies and other flowers…. right?”
Everyone has a dream of making a difference in life, but sometimes lacks the perseverance and determination needed to do that. Renay Coetzee, however, has never backed down from any challenge she was given in life and with her smile, tenacity and strength she is able to accomplish anything she sets her mind to.
Renay Coetzee grew up in Bloemfontein where she was raised by her mother. Coetzee experienced loss at a young age when her father passed away when she was only five years old, and she also lost her older brother just before her 17th birthday.
She moved to Namibia in 2009 and five years later she got married.
Coetzee is passionate about making a difference and helping people, which influenced her career path. “I like to help and make a difference wherever I might be.”
As the dispensary clerk, Coetzee is responsible for helping patients and clients with stoma products or financial assistance, but also lends a helping hand in other departments.
The most challenging part of her career is to lose a patient, because she walks the road with them. The joy of finding out your patients are cancer free is heart-warming for Coetzee.
“I’m quiet, I always listen and I try to help wherever I can to make a difference,” she added. Coetzee is a curious being who loves to venture into new things. “I like to try out new recipes and I love to build puzzles because it calms me down.”
They say one should make lemonade when life offers you lemons, and this is second nature for Coetzee who is always ready to face any challenge with a smile.
Even though Coetzee is exceptional in her current career path, she always wanted to venture in law. “I always wanted to become a judge, because I don’t like crime and violence and want to be able to make a difference in these areas as well.” Today, however, she is able to leave her mark on every person she has the privilege of working with.
The best advice Coetzee has ever received has been that no matter how hard life is, never back down, always just smile and move on.
Working in a career where one is always faced with emotional situations, Coetzee has been able to empathise with her patients and their journey, and is able to hide her own emotions to give her patients her full attention.
Coetzee has a bright future ahead of her and hopes to one day see everything the world has to offer. “One day I wish to travel the world with my husband and experience the world and what it has to offer,” she says.
With Black Friday enticing shoppers worldwide, and its online equivalent, Cyber Monday, a few days later, the number of online deals during this time will far outnumber those available in stores. To distinguish between a legitimate deal (or website) and one simply out to steal your money, it is important to remember the many perils of online browsing, and how easy it can be to fall for scams. Here are some tips for safe online shopping.
It is one thing to browse, but never use public Wi-Fi to make payments. These connections can easily be hacked, as the passwords are freely available on request.
If someone you know and trust regularly buys from a specific site without hassle, consider it legit. As for the rest, be careful. Do not trust five-star buyer ratings on a site ? check independent third-party references instead. Are there spelling/grammar errors on the site? Even if the site is not a swindle, poor spelling could be indicative of poor security measures.
Suspicious sites often imitate well-known sites with names like Amazon.com, BidorBay.com or eBuy.com and often look the same. Never make any payment on a site that is not secure (https://), but do not assume a secure site will always be legitimate. It simply means that the communication to and from the site is encrypted. Pop-ups on any site should always be treated with suspicion. The same goes for sites with no contact information or return policies.
The web, and your email, will be rife with contests during this time. Never enter any personal or payment information to get on a shortlist for some unbelievable deal. A contest for winning expensive products outside an official product site is very likely a scam.
Do not make direct payments on a site, unless it is locally known, such as your church’s web page. Most legitimate sites redirect to secure payment sites like PayPal. These sites hide your payment information from online stores, which gives you an additional measure of protection against hackers, protection largely absent with direct payments. They also enable refunds, if need be. Generally, however, do not allow sites to auto-save your payment information or passwords.
Watch what you post online or via social media. Social engineers can use any information you post against you in ways you never expect.
Do not click on links in any emails offering good deals, even if the mail comes from a seemingly legitimate vendor. Instead, go to the vendor site directly to confirm that the offers exist on the official site as well. Do not be rushed by urgent deadlines on sales, especially if a request involves entering personal or payment information to secure a product. Rather lose the deal. You might also get phishing emails claiming irregular purchases on your account where none exist, requesting urgent password resets or your account or card number confirmations. Never entertain such requests. If in doubt, contact your bank using a number you obtain yourself.
Apply for SMS notifications such as Bank Windhoek’s AlertMe service on transactions, and check your bank statements regularly. Make sure the applications and operating systems on your laptop or cellphone remain up to date. When upgrading or replacing your phone, be sure to wipe all applications and data from your old phone. Payment card information could be hiding in an online application and could be exploited by someone who knows how. Immediately report a stolen cellphone to your bank to ensure no data or payment information has been compromised. Change passwords and One-Time Pin (OTP) notification numbers immediately.
Do not allow your holiday season to be marred by online fraud. Start off vigilant, and remain so.
*Riaan Viljoen is an Information Security Specialist at Capricorn Group, Namibia.
Franklin-Luke Philander from Tsumeb is the night security supervisor at the Strand Hotel in Swakopmund, where he grew up. In 2011 he matriculated at Swakopmund Secondary School and went on to do an advanced diploma in banking finance and credit at the Institute of Bankers and graduated in May 2019. At some point, he plans to pursue a career in risk and security management at a financial institution.
Philander’s job duties as security supervisor is to ensure that the company’s assets are protected and that the guests and employees are safe.
“I’m also responsible for training the subordinates, supporting my superiors and seeing that company policy and procedures are adhered to, in order to lead the company’s values,” Philander explains.
He initially wanted to become a football player when he was younger, but after the seventh grade, becoming a football coach seemed to be more up his alley.
Life do-overs are unfortunately an impossible fantasy, but if Philander could have one, he would start playing football at the age of six and study football coaching or sport management straight out of high school.
“My best childhood memory is when I scored my first goal in my first soccer match and we ended up winning the match,” he says - with his love for the sport clearly visible.
In 2017, Philander channelled his inner football fan and decided to start an organisation where football can be used as a tool to get the youth involved, help them go for their dreams and teach them the word of God.
“I want to encourage the youth to have the right attitude and discipline.”
He says the Genesis Football Academy has been nothing but a blessing in his life and it keeps him focused on what’s important. “It teaches me to be a leader, to face challenges and to have faith through difficult circumstances and, most importantly, it makes me a better person,” Philander says.
He believes that God is using him to improve someone else’s life, to help others to achieve their dreams as it means a lot for him to give something back and be part of something amazing. There were many challenges that Philander has had to face. At times Philander had to use his salary to cover costs such as the training field and purchasing football equipment. Philander says being employed at Strand Hotel is what he is most thankful for.
“Starting Genesis Football Academy from the ground, building it up and sticking to my principles, morals and values has been very challenging,” he says.
Aside from that, being himself, accepting failures and learning from them have also tested his faith. “My message and the best advice I’ve ever received is to put God first and to never lose faith in your dreams.”
Advocate Mike Hellens (SC) will represent Esau, while advocate Dawie Joubert (SC) will represent Shanghala. They are accused one and two in the Fishrot saga case involving an alleged N$150 million in bribes paid to Namibian politicians and officials by Icelandic seafood company Samherji for access to Namibia's fishing quota goldmine.
Accused three to six are James Hatuikulipi, the former board chairperson of state fishing enterprise Fishcor; Ricardo Gustavo, who together with Hatuikulipi held senior management positions at Investec Asset Management Namibia); Fitty (Tamson) Hatuikulipi, James' cousin and Esau's son-in-law; and Pius Mwatelulo.
The six suspects were taken from the Seeis police station cells to the Windhoek Magistrate's Court early yesterday morning, where they appeared shortly before 13:00.
They were led to the courtroom under heavy police guard in the corridor at the back of the magistrate's court.
Smartly dressed in suits, they were unshackled outside the court.
A large contingent of journalists huddled for their appearance, amid the growing scandal.
At one point, there was chaos in the corridors of the courthouse when and men and women were searched before being allowed inside.
The matter was postponed until this morning at 09:00 when a formal bail application will be lodged by all six suspects.
The Fishrot bomb exploded in foreign media on 12 November. It relates to the allocation of fish quotas to Namgomar Pesca (Namibia) Pty Ltd, as well as various other people and entities in Namibia, Cyprus, Iceland, Angola, Norway, Mauritius and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Jóhannes Stefánsson, an Icelandic fishing executive, says he facilitated N$150 million in bribes for Namibian politicians and officials.
According to Stefánsson, the first bribe to Esau was at the request of the minister's son-in-law (Fitty), who said Esau had done a lot to get Samherji into the Namibian fisheries industry and suggested a sum of US$60 000.
“I made sure he got the US$60 000. I bought a bag when I had asked the bank to prepare cash. I went to the hotel and alerted the son-in-law and gave him the bag,” Stefánsson told international media.
According to Stefánsson, some of these transactions were disguised as consultation fees or even rental agreements on the company's books.
Meanwhile, a Windhoek attorney told Namibian Sun yesterday that the daily fees of advocates of Hellens and Joubert's calibre amount to between N$60 000 and N$100 000.
If their bail application does not succeed in the magistrate's court and they appeal to the High Court, the legal costs of obtaining bail can amount to as much as N$3 million.
Hellens and Joubert represented Zuma until earlier this year in his legal battle with the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) over corruption charges dating back to South Africa's arms scandal in the 1990s.
According to the treasure trove of 30 000 documents released by WikiLeaks last week, Samherji allegedly paid bribes to Namibian politicians and officials for over six years. The documents include emails, internal reports, spreadsheets, presentations, and photos provided by Stefánsson. The company has been operating in Namibia for almost a decade, with a quota for horse mackerel.
It entered the Namibian market after it had failed to renew its quotas in Morocco and Mauritania in 2010.
The Anti-corruption Commission (ACC) said recently that it had strong evidence of conspiracy, bribery, corruption, fraud, money laundering and tax evasion, which prompted it to seek the arrest of the Namibian politicians and business persons linked to the Samherji kickback scandal.
Early this week, on the eve of Wednesday's general election, Swapo spokesperson Hilma Nicanor said at a media conference that Shanghala and Esau, as well as convicted felons Tobie Aupindi and Katrina Hanse-Himarwa, would remain on the party's parliamentary candidate list.
Esau and Shanghala are at number 33 and 53 on the party list respectively, and are likely to make it to the National Assembly.
Aupindi is at 29 and Hanse-Himarwa at 82.
Early results yesterday showed Swapo winning at least 54 of the 96 National Assembly seats, although this was based on only about 25% of the confirmed and collated votes.
Initial figures showed that Itula routed Geingob, who is Swapo's official presidential candidate, at the coast. The independent candidate also took massive chunks of the Khomas vote and in the northern parts of the country.
At the time of going to print late yesterday only 33 of the 121 constituencies were counted, with Geingob hovering just above 46% of votes cast in those areas. Breathing down his neck was Itula at 38%.
In total, 262 678 votes were counted in the presidential race. For the National Assembly, 28 constituencies (262 678 voters) were counted, with Swapo leading with 56% at the time.
With over 70% of the votes still to be counted at the time, the votes in both races were expected to keep fluctuating.
The initial trends painted a significantly strengthened opposition vote and a two-horse gallop to State House.
As expected, the Landless People's Movement (LPM) was buoyed by positive returns in the //Karas and Hardap regions. But what was not anticipated was the massive inroads parties like the Popular Democratic Movement (PDM) would make across the country.
As if a hidden hand had coordinated swathes of voters, while the presidential vote was left to Geingob and Itula to fight over, the opposition gained tremendously from the National Assembly vote.
In fact, it appears that supporters of Itula, who retains his Swapo membership, voted for the opposition in an attempt to break the ruling party's two-thirds majority in parliament.
Results from collation centres in the 121 constituencies trickled in slowly yesterday at the central elections result centre (CERC) set up at the ECN head office in Windhoek.
By late afternoon preliminary results were collected by Namibia Media Holdings' own journalists in the field.
From these, the apparent trend for the presidential race showed a contest primarily between Geingob, who took an early lead, and Itula.
Trailing behind the two frontrunners were PDM president McHenry Venaani at 6% and Landless People's Movement (LPM) leader Bernadus Swartbooi at 4.59% of the vote.
In Ohangwena Geingob bagged a surprise 75.8%, leaving rival Itula trailing in the dust with 20.7%.
Geingob made a clean sweep in Kavango West and Kavango East regions, garnering 89.3% and 91.6% of the collated votes respectively.
Geingob also clinched the vote in Omaheke where he got 57%, while Itula got 15.5%, and Venaani got 11%. The rest of the pack trailed far behind with very low percentages of the vote.
Itula took the lead in the Khomas and Erongo regions where he garnered 53.7% and 44.2% respectively, kicking dust in Geingob's face who got 32.7% and 37.1% respectively.
Geingob again took the lead in the Hardap Region with 42.3%, followed by Venaani (18.7%) and Swartbooi (18.3%), and Itula (15%).
Swartbooi closed the gap between him and Geingob in //Karas where he got 28.4% to Geingob's 35.4%. Here, Itula got 25.1% of the vote.
By mid-afternoon the Swapo Party was leading the way with 56% of the vote, followed by the PDM (22%), LPM (8%), Republican Party (3.), and the United Democratic Front (UDF) with 3% of the votes cast and collated in seven regions.
Election Day was a proud day to be a Namibian. Young and old from all backgrounds, the sick and infirm, some in wheelchairs or on crutches, flocked in steady streams to the 4 241 polling stations nationwide.
They dug in their heels and endured long queues in the hot sun, refusing to leave until they had cast their votes.
There were reports of polling stations having opened only at 10:00 due to technical glitches with the electronic voting machines (EVMs) or other logistical hiccups, but the voters refused to budge.
All through the day there was little sign of any kind of animosity between supporters of different parties.
Gone were the reported threats of violence and intimidation of which the high-ranking army offer, Martin Kambulu Pinehas, had warned. Gone were the party sloganeering and party colours.
In this peaceful atmosphere at most polling stations, Namibians acted responsibly in a genial and tolerant manner towards each other, where everyone felt safe enough to vote for the candidate and party of their choice.
The Electoral Commission of Namibia (ECN) acknowledged some hiccups that had occurred at some polling stations, but stated that it was “fully in charge” of the situation.
Barely an hour before the closing of the polls chief electoral officer Theo Mujoro stated that the ECN was “confident of the ongoing process”, that it was “on top of the game”, and that the commission had sufficient capacity to deal with challenges as they happened.
Because of delays at many polling stations, the ECN on election night also gave the assurance that all voters lining up at polling stations would be attended to.
That meant that anybody in the queue by 21:00 on 27 November would have been allowed to vote, even if that vote could only be cast in the early hours of the next morning due to delays.
Pull Quote: “Hard work and integrity go hand in hand; you can’t have one and not the other.” –Ray Silungwe, founder of Silungwe Legal Practitioners.
University of Namibia (Unam) LLB graduate Ray Chimya Solo Silungwe lives every day to inspire and create.
After graduating with a Degree of Baccalaureus Juris in 2011 and a Bachelor of Law 2012, Silungwe was admitted as a legal practitioner in 2016. He says he wanted to branch out because after five years of practising under someone, it was time.
He took all the experience gained and started his own legal practice called Silungwe Legal Practitioners and officially opened the firm on 28 October this year.
Among other things, Silungwe says that it is absolutely important to do everything with integrity. He has built his strong sense of purpose and coherence and says that he wouldn’t have it any other way.
“There are people who work hard, but have no integrity and in the end, you get caught out. So hard work and integrity go hand in hand; you can’t have one and not the other,” he said.
Silungwe reports to work at 07:30 every weekday. Depending on the day he then prepares for court or to consult with clients. Most of his time is spent doing legal research and drafting legal documents in order to efficiently assist his clients.
“The E-Justice online system makes it extremely easy and more efficient to send through the required paperwork to court,” Silungwe says.
On the job
An urgent court case would only allow him a day for doing the necessary research and preparation before he has to submit it to court, but he says other cases can take days, months and sometimes years to finalise.
He is young, versatile and ready to take on various cases.
“I would say I do a bit of everything but I don’t do conveyancing yet because I don’t have a licence for it, but it is definitely something that I would like to do in future.”
What it takes
The number one trait that he believes every legal practitioner should have is knowing where to find the law. He says a good lawyer is someone that can find the law in every single case they take.
“If a client comes to me and explains their case, I should immediately be able to see and/or find the law in the case before any further progress,” he says.
Silungwe says his grandfather taught him some of his most valuable life lessons, such as integrity and hard work.
Who does Ray Silungwe remind you of? He is the grandson of former judge Annel Musenga Silungwe, and although Judge Silungwe left a great legacy to follow, Ray Silungwe has carved his own path and is building his own legacy.
He has been inspired by many things and people that he came across in his journey and says that he would like to inspire people as well.
“I would encourage young people to know what they want to do before they go into anything. I have to be honest, I was motivated by the monetary part of law, but shortly after, I realised that it was more than that.
“When you meet clients, coming to you desperate and knowing that you’re the last line of defence for them, you become attached to people through helping them, and that to me is satisfying,” he says proudly.
The Future of the firm
Silungwe wants to be able to expand and possibly bring in more people with diverse expertise, for example conveyancing, which is a service that he would like to add to the firm.
1. The saddest moment as a child was when his brother told him that WWE wrestling was fake.
2. He can’t dance.
3. He says he loves the smell of cigarette smoke but doesn’t smoke.
4. He used to have a phobia of lightning.
5. He enjoys watching cooking shows but hates cooking or watching people cook.
6. Favourite animal: Lion.
7. Favourite pastime: Playing soccer.
8. Favourite movie: ‘Forrest Gump’.
9. Favourite celebrity: Cristiano Ronaldo.
10. He used to be an extrovert.
This is after African football legend Samuel Eto'o announced he wants to use study business management at Harvard Business School in the United States, in order to give back to Africa.
“Not everything in life goes according to plan, so have a plan B. Education can open doors for you further down your career, so it's important,” Nyambe said.
He joined the national squad earlier this year under the leadership of former coach Ricardo Mannetti, who fought tooth and nail to get the player to feature at the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations (Afcon) in Egypt.
Nyambe, who has a diploma in sports science, is in support of footballers who further their studies so they have something to fall back on.
He said they should emulate players like former Cameroon and Barcelona forward and four-time African Player of the Year winner Eto'o, who retired from football at the age of 38 in September this year.
Eto'o believes crossing the Atlantic Ocean to the United States for a business education will help in his quest to give back to the continent.
“I want to help and to make my positive contribution to the transformation of our continent,” Eto'o told French news website Jeune Afrique.
“When you're a footballer, you pay people to take care of your career and things generally.
“But when it's up to you to manage people, and you want to develop them, you practically need to learn new skills,” said Eto'o, who will start his studies at Harvard University in January next year.
Locally there are also a small number of footballers who are educated or busy pursuing their studies, including Warriors forward Benson Shilongo who plies his trade with Egyptian club Ismaily.
Former Warriors captain Ronald Ketjijere, who is a firm believer in education, completed his law degree while playing for Pretoria University in South Africa, showing the way for many Namibian players to follow in his footsteps.
The match also marked a final farewell to the Welsh crowd of just over 60 000 for Pivac's predecessor Warren Gatland, who took charge of the Barbarians side, and a final bow for Irish rugby legend Rory Best.
In his 12-year tenure, the 56-year-old Gatland guided the Welsh to four Six Nations titles including three Grand Slams and two World Cup semi-finals.
“It has been incredibly special,” said Gatland afterwards, who saluted the crowd. “I will be back some day, maybe sitting in the stands.
“Wales to win today for a new regime it is good and a rare time I can smile in defeat.
“We have had a few Grand Slams in our time together and it really has been pretty special,” added the New Zealander, who will be reunited with some of his players when he coaches the British & Irish Lions for a third time in 2021.
The game only really sparked into life in the second-half as the Barbarians threw caution to the wind and from being 33-7 down ramped up the pressure to score 19 unanswered points.
The hosts stretched their lead once more to 40-26 only for Australian flanker Pete Samu to score a converted try.
However, with under three minutes remaining, Wales captain Justin Tipuric played the pragmatic card and told Leigh Halfpenny to go for goal and not for touch with a penalty.
The veteran fullback duly slotted it over for 43-33 and give Pivac a debut victory.
Best departed in the 52nd minute having had a final polite talking to by Welsh referee Nigel Owens over the conduct of his players.
However, seconds later, the 37-year-old, 129-time capped grizzled hooker, was shaking hands warmly with Owens as he left the pitch hugs and pats on the back from opponents and teammates as well as a standing ovation.
Here AFP Sport looks at five of the favourites to step into the hot seat at the Emirates:
Nuno Espirito Santo
Santo is a former goalkeeper who has impressed in his spell in charge of Wolves.
He guided them back to the Premier League in his first season at the helm with a strong contingent of Portuguese players. He kept them up comfortably and they are now into the Europa League knockout stages and enjoying another good domestic campaign. However, the 45-year-old has struggled at the previous two high-profile clubs he has managed, Valencia and Porto.
If silverware were the only factor, the 52-year-old Italian former Juventus boss would be a shoo-in. Six Serie A titles and two Champions League final appearances is impressive by any standards. He is a free agent after leaving Juventus at the end of last season. However, he admits his lack of English is a problem. “I don't speak English enough yet, but I'm learning,” he said last month. This could be an issue for the Arsenal hierarchy because one of Unai Emery's problems was his struggle to communicate fluently in English. Also, critics would point out that Allegri garnered his trophies in Italy without strong domestic opposition.
The Swede has Arsenal in his blood after being a member of Arsene Wenger's “Invincible” squad in 2003/04. If the 42-year-old former midfielder impresses during his temporary spell in charge he could make a case for himself. However, Ljungberg has never managed a senior team and may be associated with the outgoing Emery regime.
Arteta also played under Wenger, from 2011 to 2016. The 37-year-old former midfielder was linked with the Arsenal job when Wenger left the club in 2018 but remained with Pep Guardiola at Manchester City. After City retained their Premier League crown last season, he may feel it is his time to step up. Yet to manage on his own, his inexperience may count against him.
Howe has impressed with Bournemouth. The 42-year-old Englishman has turned them into solid Premier League performers and has had success in developing players such as Callum Wilson and Tyrone Mings, who has since moved to Aston Villa. However, few top clubs have shown willingness to hire English managers in recent years.
Brazilian Alisson Becker was dismissed on 76 minutes, as he raced out of his area to handle an attempted chip by Brighton substitute Leandro Trossard.
Spanish replacement Adrian came on, but his first act was to pick the ball out of the net, as Lewis Dunk rolled the free-kick past the Liverpool wall and an unprepared goalkeeper, setting up an anxious finale for the home side.
“We brought on a frozen goalkeeper,” said Klopp.
“Everybody sitting here is probably not warm yet, so imagine you go out there in shorts, and really thin shirt and gloves that are not for keeping you warm!
“Then some people let the free-kick happen like that, like a little bit sleepy.
“But we kept fighting; Adrian especially helped us with two really good saves, but with cold feet he couldn't kick the ball as far as he wanted.”
There was more drama and anxiety for home supporters dreaming of seeing their team win a first league title in 30 years, in the closing stages.
Adrian saved well from a fierce Aaron Mooy shot before the Spanish keeper almost fumbled a Pascal Gross header over his own goal line.
Still, thanks to Van Dijk, who is in contention for the Ballon d'Or award in Paris today, Liverpool had a sufficient cushion to survive.
With Liverpool having seen Manchester City draw 2-2 with Newcastle moments before they kicked off at Anfield, it took 18 minutes for them to take a deserved lead after Gross fouled Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain outside the Brighton area.
Trent Alexander-Arnold floated in the free-kick and Van Dijk rose powerfully above Adam Webster to head in his second goal of the season and first since the opening day. It did not take as long for Van Dijk to wait for his third six minutes to be precise as Brighton failed to learn from conceding the opener and allowed the same combination to double the lead.
This time it was from a left-wing corner as Alexander-Arnold delivered a perfect cross and the Dutch defender rose magnificently to beat Dunk and power a bullet header past a helpless Mat Ryan.
The Brighton keeper had already made three key saves to keep his side in contention, two from Roberto Firmino and another from Sadio Mane.
But, as the half progressed, there were moments of concern for a Liverpool side about to endure a 12th consecutive game without a clean sheet.
Davy Propper was denied by Alisson and Dunk missed the target, unmarked, from 12 yards.
The second half opened with Dunk glancing a header wide and Aaron Connolly shooting straight at Alisson.
“I'm really happy and proud at the desire the boys showed,” said Klopp.
“And the red card made it a really special win.
“We don't think about the points' gap, or when people talk about 11 points. Leicester plays tomorrow (Sunday) so it could be eight.
“We've won 13 games but none of those 13 games was easy.
“We don't think before a game, this will be easy. We're completely concerned with different things and don't fool ourselves that we're favourites in certain games.”
Ramanathan dispatched Muhammad Shoaib 6-0, 6-0 in 42 minutes in the first match in the Kazakhstan capital of Nur-Sultan.
Nagal then outplayed Huzaifa Abdul Rehman 6-0, 6-2 in one hour and four minutes.
India will travel to Croatia in March 2020 for the world group qualifiers if they win the best-of-five rubber.
The International Tennis Federation moved the Asia/Oceania Group 1 away from Islamabad because of India's security fears even though Pakistan opposed the decision.
Pakistan's top players Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi and Aqeel Khan pulled out of the tie in protest, giving teenagers Shoaib and Rehman their chance alongside Yousaf Khalil.
The match was also pushed back from September because of the security fears, as the two countries were wrangling over the disputed territory of Kashmir.
The nuclear-armed neighbours split angrily in 1947 after independence from Britain and have fought three wars since. Sport has also suffered badly.
India cut bilateral cricket ties with Pakistan after attacks in Mumbai in 2008 that authorities blamed on Pakistani militants.
India last played a Davis Cup tie in Pakistan in 1964, when they beat the hosts 4-0. Pakistan lost 3-2 when they played in Mumbai in 2006.
Shifeta okwa popi ngaaka pethimbo lyOmutumba gwOkomvula gwoNamibia Professional Hunting Association (NAPHA) mEtiyali lyoshiwike sha piti. Minista okwa popi kutya omulandu gwekwatonawa lyuushitwe ngoka tagu longithwa kuNamibia na ogu li gwe mu petha epapa lyopaigwana otagu holola kutya aantu mboka taya lumbu pamwe niiyamakuti oyo aasilishisho yawo.
Okwa tsikile kutya omilandu dhaNamibia odha gandja oonkondo kaakwashigwana nooyene yomavi gopaumwene ya sile oshisho nokukwatela po woo omiyalu dhiiyamakuti, yo taya vulu woo okumona omauwanawa gopaiyemo okuza moonzo dhopaushitwe.
Okwa tsikile kutya omilandu dhoka odha etitha ekwato nawa lyiiyamakuti oshowo omayambulepo unene gomahala gokuushayi.
Shifeta okwa popi kutya iiyamakuti otayi yambidhidha kekalekepo lyegameno lyoondya moshilongo sho oopresenda 95 dhonyama yiiyamakuti hayi longwa moofaalama ndhoka, ihayi pitimo moshilongo.
Minista okwa popi kutya esiloshisho nekwato nawa lyiiyamakuti moshilongo otali yambidhidha kekoko lyeliko oshowo etotepo lyoompito dhiilonga. Okwa tsu omuthindo kutya uukongo wuli pamulandu owa simana keyambulepo lyaNamibia unene koshikondo shomidhingoloko.
Okwa tsikile kutya uukongo wa gamenwa, oomboka aayakulwa okuza muuyuni haya futu omwaalu gwontumba opo ya yahe iiyamakuti iilumentu moshilongo naashoka otashi ningwa pakondololo lya kwata miiti okuza kuuministeli, taku landulwa woo omilandu dhoka dha tulwa po, okupitila maakongo yomoshilongo mboka ya dheulwa.
Shifeta okwa pula woo ekalekep lyuukongo wuli pamulandu okuza kwaamboka ya pewa oshinakugwanithwa shoka, ta popi kutya epangelo okupitila muuministeli we, olya pyakudhukwa okupopila uukongo mboka tawu e ta eyambulepo neyambidhidho moshigwana, a popi ngaaka omolwa aantu yamwe po mboka taya pula ehulithepo lyuukongo mboka.
Okwa pula aadhaninkandangala moshikondo shoka ya kwashilipaleke kutya uukongo owa kalekwapo pamulandu ngoka gwa tulwa po, opo wu vule wu gamenenwe po okuza kwaamboka ye li ompinge nawo.
Okwa gwedha po kutya eikondololo lyopaumwene muukongo moNamibia ndyoka tali ningwa koNAPHA otali yambidhidha Namibia a dhane onkandangala onene nokugandja oshiholelwa kiilongo yilwe yaAfrica oshowo muuyuni kombinga yuukongo wa gamenwa.
Okwa tsikile kutya uuministeli otawu tsikile nokulongela kumwe noNAPHA miikumungu yi na sha nuukongo wa gamenwa nokusimaneka oshilonga oshinene shoka taya longo mekwato nawa yoonzo dhaNamibia.
Shoka osha pelwa ombedhi omulandu gwokuhogolola tagu ende kashona oshowo aanambelewa yokuhogololitha mboka ya ndopa okuya pomahala gokuhogolola pethimbo.
Moshitopolwa shaShana, aahogololi pOmaalala Primary School oshowo Panguleni Primary school moshikandjohogololo shaNgwediva oya tegelele sigo oowili dhokwatoka lela, sho aanambelewa yokuhogololitha ye ya pomahala ngoka.
Pahapu dhamwene gwomukunda Ekolyanaambo number 2, Tomas Kamutufe, oya li ya tseyithilwa kutya aanambelewa otaya kala poPanguleni okuza potundi onti 16:00 ihe oye ya po kongulohi.
“Sho nda yi pehala lyokuhogololela lwopotundi onti 13:00 onda adha aantu oyendji ye li nale momikweyo ya pyakudhukwa okuhogolola. Okuya potundi onti 16:00 aanambelewa inaya thika natango na oye tu lombwele kutya oye li mondjila ihe oye ya owala uusiku. Onda hogolola potundi onti 00:12 na opwa li aakokele oyendji natango mboka ya kala ya tegelela opo ya hogolole nokutula moshiponga oomwenyo dhawo momalweendo gawo gokushuna komagumbo,” Kamutufe a popi.
“Shika osha sitha aantu uunye sho potundi onti 18:00 unene aanyasha ya tameke okuthiga po ehala lyomahogololo na inaya galuka we. Sho aanambelewa ya thiki pehala opwa li owala aantu aashona.”
Pehala lyokuhogololela pOmaalala aanambelewa yomahogololo oya thiki po potundi onti 22:00, naasho aantu aashona ya hogolola olusheno olwa guko. Okwa li woo taku lokwa.
Omunambelewa gwomahogololo moshikandjohogoolo shaNgwediva, Albertina Alweendo, okwa popi kutya oya katekwa komwaalu omunene gwaahogololi ngoka hago gwa li gwa tegelelwa ihe oya kwashilipaleke kutya aantu ayehe mboka ya li momukweyo oya hogololo.
“Otwa mono aahogololi oyendji poosasiyona dhopakathimbo, okuyeleka nomiyalu dhoka dha li dha tegelelwa.
Moshitopolwa shaHangwena ongundu yaanambelewa aagameni yomaliko oya thigi po ehala lyokuhogolola inaya hogolola, sho aanambelewa ye ya tindile ompito yokuhogolola tango.
Elias Ndume okwa popi kutya oya li miilonga uusiku na oya li ye na einekelo kutya otaya pewa ompito ya hogolole tango opo ya ye komagumbo ya ka fudhepo yo ya vule oku ka lala miilonga, ihe oya adha po omukweyo omule pOngeleka yaRoman Catholic mOshikango.
Ndume okwa popi kutya molwaashoka oya lala miilonga na otaya shuna miilonga konguloshi oya pula ompito kaanambelewa opo andola ya vule okuhogolola tango, ihe inashi pitikwa molwaashoka omulandu gwokuhogolola otagu ende kashona dho omikweyo omile.
“Katu na nkene otwa yi komagumbo tu ka vululukwe opo tu vule ishewe okuya kiionga. Otwa li twa hala okuhogola ihe itatu vulu woo okwiitula moshiponga shokukanitha iilonga. Ongiini mbela ngele omukomeho gwetu okwa adha twa kotha miilonga molwaashoka inatu vululukwa?”
Omunambelewa gwomahogololo, Elizabeth Joseph okwa popi kutya omahogololo ogali taga ende kashona omolwa eshina lyovoter verification device (VVD), ndyoka lya kala itali longo nawa na oya longo koonyala.
Moshitopolwa shaShikoto namo omwa dhidhillikwa omaupyakadhi poomandiki gokuhogololela naanambelewa aapangeli yoECN oya hingi iinano iile ya ka kandule po omaupyakadhi ngoka omanga omayalulo gomawi gaahogololi inaga tameka. Shoka aniwa osha etitha ekateko megandjo lyiizemo okuza kiikandjohololo yimwepo.
The Briton has won double gold at each of the last two Olympics, taking the 5 000m and 10 000m crowns in London and Rio, but switched to the marathon in 2017.
Farah, 36, won the Chicago Marathon in 2018, but has decided to return to the track, admitting the marathon had been “a learning curve”.
“The big news is I'm back on the track in the 10 000m in Tokyo next year,” he said on his YouTube channel.
“I hope I haven't lost my speed but I'll train hard for it and see what I can do.”
Farah slashed 37 seconds off the European record with a time of 2hr 5min 11sec when he won in Chicago but with Kenya's Eliud Kipchoge ruling the marathon world, the Briton was never as dominant at the longer distance as he had been on the track.
“To win the Chicago Marathon was nice, to finish third in London was ok and it was good. It's been a learning curve for me,” he continued.
“But next year I've decided, Tokyo 2020, I'm gonna be back on the track. I'm really excited to be competing back on the track and give it a go in the 10 000m.”
Farah has come under intense scrutiny for his cooperation with US coach Alberto Salazar, who has been banned for four years by the US anti-doping authorities.
Farah broke off cooperation with Salazar in 2017. UK Athletics on Thursday announced a review into its dealings with the coach and his Nike Oregon Project.
The federation's performance director Neil Black, who once described Salazar as a genius, left his role in October.
Before running in this year's Chicago Marathon, Farah responded angrily to media questions about his time with Salazar, saying: “I was never given anything.”
Esperance, former winners TP Mazembe and Mamelodi Sundowns flexed their muscles Saturday with convincing match day one victories.
Anice Badri and Ibrahim Ouattara scored within the first 15 minutes for Esperance of Tunisia away to Raja Casablanca of Morocco, and they then pulled down the shutters for a 2-0 triumph.
Jackson Muleka punished woeful marking to nod in two goals as Mazembe of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) overpowered Zamalek of Egypt 3-0 in central Africa.
Uruguayan Mauricio Affonso took advantage of a rare start for Sundowns by scoring within seven minutes of the kick-off to set up a 3-0 romp over Petro Luanda of Angola in Pretoria.
The other matches, between USM Alger of Algeria and Wydad Casablanca of Morocco in Blida and Primeiro Agosto of Angola and Zesco United of Zambia in Luanda, ended in a 1-1 draws.
On Friday, there were home wins for Etoile Sahel of Tunisia, Al Hilal of Sudan and JS Kabylie of Algeria over Al Ahly of Egypt, Platinum of Zimbabwe and V Club of DR Congo respectively.
Esperance have battled lately on international stages, struggling to edge Elect-Sport of Chad in a Champions League qualifier and unexpectedly losing an Arab Club Champions Cup tie.
In contrast, Raja entered match day one buoyant, having wiped out a 4-1 second-half deficit to draw with arch-rivals Wydad and win on away goals over two legs in the same Arab competition.
But a whirlwind start by Esperance, seeking a record third straight Champions League title, caught Raja cold under coach Jamel Sellimi, who recently succeeded Frenchman Patrice Carteron. Victory took Esperance to first place in Group D considered the strongest of the four on goal difference from Kabylie ahead of a top-of-the-table clash in Tunisia this Friday.
Mazembe, who won the last of five Champions League titles in 2015, followed up 80th birthday celebrations this week by dominating Zamalek, who have also been champions five times.
Egyptian defenders are among the best in Africa, so Muleka must have surprised at having so much space to finish crosses, while veteran Tresor Mputu struck with a superbly placed shot. The convincing win shot Mazembe to the top of Group A with three points, while Zesco and Primeiro have one each and Zamalek none. Sundowns coach Pitso Mosimane said in pre-match interviews that he feared the physicality of Petro, who lost a 2001 semi-final between the clubs. But his concerns proved unfounded, as headed goals from gangling Affonso and Motjeka Madisha had the South African side two goals ahead inside 29 minutes. Sphelele Mkhulise completed an easier than expected victory and lifted Sundowns to the Group C summit, two points above two-time champions Wydad and USM.
Abdelkrim Zouari gave USM a fifth-minute lead they retained until one minute from time when Badie Aouk darted unnoticed into the box and scored a soft equaliser.
The eight match day two fixtures are scheduled for this Friday and Saturday as the 16 contenders pursue dreams of banking the US$2.5 million first prize.
According to a recent McKinsey report, women account for more than 50% of Africa's combined population, but contributed only 33% of the continent's collective gross domestic product (GDP) in 2018.
This is due to poor progress on gender equality in the region since 2015, the report said.
The continent's gender parity score (GPS) has remained stagnant since 2015 at 0.58, indicating high gender disparity between 2015 and 2019.
The score assigned by McKinsey gender index is based on 15 indicators of progress covering gender equality at work, society, legal protection, political voice, physical security and autonomy.
At the current pace, the continent would need close to 142 years to achieve gender equality, says the report.
The continent will add US$316 billion or 10% to its current GDP by 2025 if it plans to continue without improving gender disparity.
In contrast, if Africa fixes the gap in the labour market, the continent could add US$1 trillion to its collective GDP by 2025, says the report.
South Africa has the highest GPS in Africa at 0.76, indicating medium gender inequality, followed by Namibia at 0.72.
Mauritania, Mali, and Niger have the lowest scores at 0.46, 0.46, and 0.45, respectively, which highlight extremely high gender inequality.
“Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, and Zimbabwe have achieved solid progress towards parity in both work and society with higher a GPS on education, more equal participation in professional and technical jobs, and above-average progress towards parity on most societal indicators,” says the report.
It further points out that Africa's female labour participation rate of 0.76 (medium gender inequality) is close to the global average of 0.64 (high gender inequality).
Namibia is, however, identified as the African country that is the most women in the workplace, with a female participation score of 0.69. South Africa follows with a score of 0.63 and Swaziland with 0.62. Algeria, Mali and Burkina Faso are amongst the 14 countries that are most unfair to women at work.
Low education for women is one of the major reasons for the gender gap, says the report.
Africa's female-to-male ratio of 0.76 on education is the lowest GPS of any region in the world. Namibia's female-to-male ratio on education stands at one, which together with Botswana and Lesotho is the highest in Africa.
The report lauds Namibia for trying to improve women's education.
“Namibia, whose government has been working to improve the status of women for nearly 30 years, has achieved gender parity on education.”
Gender equality is one of 17 global goals that make up the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. With just 10 years left to achieve gender equality in terms of the United Nation's target of 2030, the report is an urgent call for empowering women through effective policy interventions.
These protected areas have specifically been excluded from these activities in the recently launched national policy on prospecting and mining in protected areas.
The policy was developed jointly by the environment and mines ministries and identifies several other national parks with specific zones that will excluded from prospecting and mining.
The protected areas include the Cape Cross Seal Reserve, the Daan Viljoen Game Park, the Etosha National Park, Gross Barmen, the Hardap Game Park, the Nkasa Rupara National Park, Popa Falls, the Von Bach Game Park and the Waterberg Plateau Park.
According to the policy document it has become evident that strong policy frameworks and tools should be developed to improve decision-making and provide protection for biodiversity, ecosystem services and cultural heritage.
The vision of the policy is to develop integrated and sustainable prospecting and mining practices in Namibia that support economic growth, while maintaining the integrity of ecosystems and natural resources; and avoiding the degradation of areas that are highly sensitive in terms of their ecological, social and/or cultural heritage value.
Diamonds and Uranium
The policy says that with the large size of protected areas in Namibia, a major part of the country's mineral endowment occurs in them.
“By far the two most important commodities in Namibia - diamonds and uranium - come almost exclusively from protected areas, with diamond operations occurring in the Tsau //Khaeb (Sperrgebiet) National Park and the Namibian Islands Marine Protected Area, and two out of Namibia's three uranium mines in the Namib-Naukluft National Park.”
While their core business is the extraction of minerals, mining operations also make significant contributions to conservation in Namibia, the policy says.
The document states more than 70% of tourism activities in Namibia are attributable to protected areas, while tourism is also a highly labour-intensive industry and contributes to the creation of sustainable employment.
“It is expected that many new tourism concessions will be developed inside protected areas, significantly increasing concession fees paid to the state and rural communities, and creating employment opportunities. This will lead to increased tourism and support regional and national development goals.”
The policy also recognises that Namibia's mineral endowment, and the resulting exploration and mining, are of high importance to the national economy.
“Mining has been the mainstay of the Namibian economy for more than 100 years, and is set to retain its importance for the foreseeable future. The contribution to GDP is expected to grow to at least 17%, and mining remains the most important taxpayer, as well as foreign exchange earner.”
It is also a significant employer and skills developer, and therefore has a significant share in the social and economic development of Namibia, according to the policy.
Adverse environmental impacts from mining can range from permanent landscape alteration, to soil contamination and erosion, water contamination, the loss of critical habitats for sensitive plant and animal species, and ultimately the loss and extinction of species. The policy provides direction in terms of where mining and exploration impacts are legally prohibited and where biodiversity priority areas may present high risks for mining projects.
Protected areas or areas within protected areas that have the following characteristics will therefore be excluded from prospecting and mining: Biodiversity priority areas, high-value tourism areas, known breeding areas of certain species (including marine species) and important wetland areas.
Areas with existing economic activities, which would be compromised by prospecting and/or mining, will also be excluded, as well as areas with the potential to be developed into economically viable tourist or other compatible operations and sites of high and/or unique cultural, historic and/or archaeological value.
According to the policy a rehabilitation fund will be set up within the Environment Investment Fund (EIF) to mobilise resources for the rehabilitation and restoration of abandoned mines and impacted sites.
The fund will also require that exploration and mining licence holders fund bonds as security to ensure that they fulfil their environmental obligations.
This means that if an operator is unable to meet their environmental obligations, the state must not be the one responsible for paying the rehabilitation costs.